12th Subjective Question Bihar Board English
1.Write an essay on any one of the following in about 150-200 words:
(b) Students and Politics
(c) Importance of Education
(d) Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
2.Explain any one of the following:
(a) Even more important than the domestication of animals was the invention of agriculture. which. however, introduced blood-thirsty practices into religion that lasted for many centuries.
(b) I have full faith in my people that they will bring forth the energy requisite for the satisfactory performances of this dual task.
(c) When we speak of the freedom of the press, we usually mean freedom in a very technical and restricted sense.
(d) Benjy needed a woman to help with the hens, and soon he was saying that he and Florence would be married.
3. Explain any one of the following:
(a) Where are the songs of spring? Ay, where are they? Think not of them, thou hast thy music too.
(b) Whose white waterfall could bless
Travellers in their last distress.
(c) I who have lost
My way and beg now at strangers doors to
Receive love, at least in small change?
(d) He drank enough
And lifted his head dreamily, as one who has drunken.
4. Write a letter to your brother, telling him to study hard for his coming examination.
Write an application to the Principal of your college. requesting him for some financial help.
5. Answer any five of the following in about 40-50 words:
(a) What does our civilization depend upon ?
(b) How did Nanukaka impress Sohanlal Ratiram?
(c) What are the trails and tribulations that Martin Luther King, Jr. talks about?
(d) Why did the house in ‘My Grand Mother’s House’ go into silence ?
(e) In what sense does the fire forget its dead?
(f) Is the speaker in ‘The Soldier’ afraid of death?
(g) Name two countries in which English is used extensively.
(h) Which speech came to be known as Received Pronunciation ?
(j) Name the Middle English dialects. (1) Why does the poet call Macavity, a mystery cat ?
6. Answer any three of the following about 100-120 words:
(a) Write a summary of any one of the following poems:
(ii) Song of Myself
(b) Write a summary of any one of the following prose pieces:
(i) How Free is the Press
(ii) The Earth
(iii) India Through a Traveller’s Eyes.
(c) Write a note on Indian English
Write a note on Indian Novel in English.
Write a note on English as a world language.
(d) Match the authors in List-A with their works in List-B:
(a) K.N. Daruwala
(b) Kamala Das
(c) Rupert Brooke
(d) D. H. Lawrence
(e) John Keats
(ii) To Autumn
(iv) The Soldier
(v) My Grandmother’s House
(e) Translate any five of the following sentences into English:
(i) तुम बच्चे को रुला दोगे।
(ii) गंगा एक पवित्र नदी है।
(iii) मैं 1 बाजार जा रही हूँ।
(iv) तुम घर कब लौटोगे ?
(v) वह आज दिल्ली जाएगा।
(vi) वह तीन दिनों से बीमार है।
(vii) पटना बिहार की राजधानी है।
(viii) यहाँ मृत बैठो ।
(f) Match the names of the poets given in List A with their works in List B
(a) Rupert Brooke
(b) Walt Whitman
(e) W. H. Auden
(d) Kamala Das
(e) John Donne
(i)Song of Myself
(ii) My Grandmother’s House
(iii) Now the Leaves are Falling Fast
(iv) Sweetest Love I Do Not Goe
(v) The Soldier
7. Read the passage and answer the questions that follow:-
Floods are second only to fire as the most common of all atural disasters. They occur almost everywhere in the world,
esulting in widespread damage and even death. Consequently, cientists have long tried to perfect their ability to predict floods. o far, the best that scientists can do is to recognize the potential or flooding in certain conditions. There are a number of onditions, from deep snow on the ground to human error, that
Q. (i) What are the most common of all natural disasters?
(ii) What can the scientists at best do?
(iii) What are the consequence of flood?
(iv) Make sentences with : Condition; Disaster.
Write a precis of the following passage and give a suitable title :
Man has many limitations. He is amixture of good and
evil. Naturally he commits mistakes, otherwise he would be a
god. We have the example of Jesus Christ. He forgave his
tormentors. He believed that they were ignorant and therefore,
they tortured him. His greatness lay in his spirit of forgiveness.
His life teaches us that we must forgive the wrong-door. By
ignoring his mistakes, we give him a chance to reform. We rise
to godliness by forgiving others and showing mercy to them.
“Discipline regulates our actions and life.”
urge us to a disciplined life. For this we need regularity. punctuality and proper mental set up because it is the discipline
which guarantees progress prosperity and success. Discipline is the key to all progress and promotion. In our society, it is essential on our part to live a regulated life so that others may lead a good and harmonious life. We should keep in mind the motto of “Live and let live”. Indiscipline endangers our survival
and the gutters of the nation will be full of dead bodies and blood. Everyone will be killing or hitting the other. There will be completely disorder and anarchy in the society. The progress and project of nation would come to a stand still. Life will not run smoothly and people will “resort to Jungle rule. Might is Discipline is the crux of life, Its nature leads a law abiding life, we the human beings, must work. for a system that many Tight” This will put our civilization in a great mess.
Discipline has great significance in our life. So we should adopt it naturally from the very beginning so that we may choose
and develop a way to lead a disciplined life. The school, colleges and other institutions should inpart such type of education sould import to the students so that they may lead a disciplined and regulated life. The school is the best stage where the Theme of the students to give it a proper shape. In the schools we find a great stress on punctuality and regularity. Japan is an outstanding example for us to follow. We should lead a life of inner and outer discipline. Our country needs men of disciplined nature Without discipline, we are bound to lose in every way. Let us endeavour our best to remain disciplined throughout our life.
(b) Students and Politics
Students of today are the future guardians of our nation’s destiny. They are the moulders and builders of future India. Political consiciousnes is therefore, an indispensable factor contributing to the growth and development of discipline, which is one of the essential requisities of democracy Those who oppose the participation of students in politics put the strong case that politics is a dirty game. It would destroy
student’s future. Politics makes a great interference in their studies. It would divert their attention from learning. Those who support the students to partcipate in politics argue that education does not mean mere literacy, it means a
total and all-round development of personality. It makes them aware of what is happening in his/her country and in the world around them. It also develops in the students the qualities of
leadership. Participation in politics trains a student to be a good citizen. it gives them training of the democratic way of life. He grows into a responsible and cultured citizen. it creates in him the
sense of patriotism. It helps them to lead a successful life. So, students should therefore, pay primary attention to their studies. But, at the same time, they should keep themselves informed about what is happening around them and if it is the
call of time, they should surely take active part in politics.
(c) Importance of Education
This world is a world of science and technology. A man meets his requirements if he values education. Education is the Mother of knowledge. Everyman in the world has an ain in his life. The aim can be achieved of the values education properly. A Country can
progress with the mental growth of its people. Mental and physical fitness depend on the value of education. If a man. fails to value education, he fails over all and he can do nothing
in future. In this present era of computer education we find that foreign countries are in better position. They value the required education. In our country we have many engineers produced by L.I.Ts
They are competent enought to make any change as per the requirement. They are up-to-date in the field of science and
technology. They are honoured even in foreign countries as they valued education. All the research inventions of long range weapons penopline and lighter planes are the products
of education A progressing mait is life long learner of education. All the developments are the outcome of education Progressed countries like America, England, Russiaere are the creation of education. If we value education we can understand the
problems to come in furore If we successfully understand a problem we can solve it as per our requirement
Thus, we all are expected value education. It is the demond of the time.
(d) Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a cleanliness drive aimed to cover 4,041 statutory cities and touns all over India in order to clean the streets, roads and other infrastructure. It is a cleanliness campaign run by the government of India and initiated by honourable Prime Minister. Narendra Modi. It is also called as the clean India Mission or Clean India drive or Swachh Bharat Compaign, it is a national level campaign to cover all the backward statutory towns and cities to make them clean. This compaign involves the construction of latrines. promoting sanitation programmes in the rural areas, cleaning streets, roads and changing the infrastructure to lead the country ahead. This campaign was officially launched by the Prime Minister. Narendra Modi on 145th birth anniversary of the Mahatma Gndhi on 2nd of October in 2014 at Rajghat, New Delhi. It is a politics free campaign inspired by patriotism. It islaunched as a responsibil of each and every India to make our country a Swachh or Clean country this campaign has initiated people globally towards cleanliness.
Terrorism is a sort of threat. It is a way to inforce its law and principle over, ahead the world. It affects economic, social
psychological and political lives. It happens due to injustice, exploitation, poverty and bossism. Life is insecure in the world of today. Everywhere terrorist activity is at work. Not only our country but also powerful countries like U.S.A.. Russia. U.K., Spain. Gulf countries and other are in the grip of terrorism. Terrorism is created by the arms race. Sophisticated arms are being supplied to the people who want to imply in their
principle the world. On the point of arms they incline the world to measure their power. Now terrorist are most powerful. They are out of control. They disturb the world. They have creatted havoac.
Afghanitans and Iraq are its burning example. In our country Naxalities MCC. Hixbul and Boro disturb the government their demands. In short, effort is going on till now to eliminate terrorism from our country.
2. (a) The following extract has been taken from the chapter
Ideas that have helped Mankind’, written by Bertrand Russell.
The writer says here that the invention of agriculture was more
important for mankind. People got stability in life but on other
hand it also led to blood thirsty practices in name of religion.
(b) The given extract has been taken from the chapter ‘Bharat
is My Home, written by Zakir Husain. The speaker says that
he sees dual or two major tasks before him First to work for
One’s self and other to work for the society around he shows
full faith in his countrymen that they will help him perform the
(c) The given extract is from the chapter How Free Is the
Press, written by Dorothy L. Sayers The author wants to say
that our press don’t enjoy full freedom Governments put a bar
on their freedom and they are provided only limited freedom of
(d) The following extract has been taken from the chapter.
The Earth’ penned by H E. Bates. In his this story, through the
extract sayers says that Benjy wanted some one to help hin to take care of his hens business, be it a woman would be more
comfortable and as he got Florence as his companion, he
decided to marry her. So that both would permanently handle
the hans business.
3. (a) The following extract has been taken from the poem
Ode to Antumin’, written by the poet John Keats. The poet
says that the spring season has its own beauty, like nice song
which has nice music too.
(b) The given extract has been taken from the poem “Now
The Leaves Are Falling Fast, composed by W. H Auden. The
poet says through the extract that the death provides silence
and peace like white waterfalls who produce inner pleasant and
peace, so gets the travellers of death.
(c) The given extract has been taken from My
Grandmother’s House written by Kamala Das. The poet is sad
after her grandmother’s death. She had got lots of love from
her. Now for the lost love, she begs it at stranger’s doors.
(d) The given extract has been taken from the poem, Snake”.
penned by the poet D. H. Lawrence. The poet remembers a
snake coming to his water trough. He drank enough water..
Then he lifted his head with great satisfaction like as one who
has drunken. he was pleased to drink water and satisfy his
4. A. B. Hostel, Patnal
I haven’t got your letter since long. I am worried for your coming examination. I must suggest you to study hard and do good in your examination. All in family are
expecting good result from you.
Hope you understand our feeling and do the best you can.
Station Road, Monghyr
I am a poor student of class-XII. My Examination is just ahead and I need some help books. I also have to pay my fees. My father is a poor farmer. he is in bad health and
distressed economic condition.
So, please do help me some financial help. So that I
may carry on my studies and appear in the coming examination.
Roll No. 18, Class-XII
5. (a) Our civilization, our culture, our Swaraj depend not
upon multiplying our wants-self-indulgence, but upon
(b) Nanukaka started describing about his VIP status in a
very loud voice so that Sohanlal could hear. He firstly talked
about foreign tours and his contacts with politicians and
ministers. Then he came to talk about Hazrat Barkat Ali, the
ambassador in such a tone as if they were best friends and this
impressed Sohanlal the most.
(c) The trials and tribulations author talks about are the
hardship and forments people had to suffer when they raise
wat voice against the injustice and discrimination
(d) The house went into silence because the woman who
used to live there was dead.
(e) The fire forgets its dead when it leaves the body half
burnt. The speaker feels it as the fire’s immoral behaviour
(f) No. the speaker is not afraid of death. He would be
given a corner of the foreign field.
(g) In Mexico and Switzerland, English language is used extensively
(h) Received Pronunciation or R.P. for short is the instantly
recognisable accent often described as typically British. Such as the Queen’s English.
(i) The Middle English had five dialects. They were known
as (i) Northern, (ii) Southern, (ii) East Midland, (iv) West Midland,
and (v) Kentish.
The Northumbrian of Old English is now called northern,
West-Saxon is now southern and Mercian is divided into two
dialects which came to be known as East Midland and West
Midland dialect. Kentish remained unchanged.
(j) The poet calls Macavity a mystery cat because it is never found after committing wrong. It leaves the place
immediately after committing the crime.
The poem ‘Fire Hymn’ is composed by the poet ‘Keki N. Daruwala who is the recipient of Sahitya Akademi Award.
Commonwealth poetry Award. He wrote poems in a totally
impressionistic recording of subjective responses. In this poem
he tells us about a burning ghat. The ghat was almost burnt but
some portion of it was half burnt. Red light showed their way.
The sky seemed like a red ball. The sky was full of smoke which
came out from the fire. Many animals were killed and some of
them were half cooked. The smoke swallowed everything and
at last it turned into ashes, which were grey in colour. The poet
says that he will never forget this fire. He further adds that he
had not witnessed such huge fire for the last twenty years i.e.
when he consigned his first born child to the flames. He says
that he might have committed some mistake. So, he beg apology
for the same. He did such things, for which he is really very
sorry. The poet also shows his half burnt fingers.
This was the fire which destroyed everything.
(ii) Song of Myself
The poem “Song of Myself” has been composed by Walt
Whitman. He was the most individualistic literary figure that
America has ever produced. He tells about himself in this poem.
The poet enjoys himself and sings for the self. But he is not
different from others. He tells himself that every atomy of his
blood belongs to his soul He always assumes everything which
is right He also says that every atom of blood is the same in all
human beings. He wanders with his pain which grows when a
spike comes and touches the skin. Whatever he says, comes
from his heart. He says that everyone in this world comes one
by one. He always keeps feelings or thoughts in mind either
good or bad. He is ready for every danger in his life. He accepts
that life is not a bed of roses. It is full of difficules and happiness
as well. It is a finest gitt given by God. Here there are too many
People who fight for the religion and the religious festivals That
Is not good Everyone should think that there is nothing in life.
So always be happy and try to make others happy
David Herbert Lawrence wrote the poem ‘Snake’ He has
described hour snake in this poem. He said that one night when he felt thirsty he came out to drink water but as soon as he came out he saw a black cobra which also came to drink
waer It was too hot that might. The snake was looking good.
silent and peaceful It came out from a carobtree only to drink
water. To see its politness the poet didn’t fear at first but his
sense of humour telt him that he should kill the snake at any
cost. But the snake was too peaceful to hit. After some time the
poet decided to hit the snake. He went to pick up a stick to hit
the snake. He hit the snake speedily and the snake felt pain.
While the latter part of his body was hit by a stick (a piece of
wood), moves its body and went into the hole of ground (earth).
The poet didn’t want to kill him but he was afraid that if he
didn’t kill him, he was to be killed by the snake. The poet felt
sorry on his act, because its (snake’s) look was simple and
innocent. It seemed to him like a king in exile and he wanted to
see him again.
(b). (i) How Free is the Press
Dorothy S. Layers in the essay “How Free is the Press”,
narrates the function and importance of press. She writes that
without a free press, we can not even imagine of free people.
All free people accept this fact without questioning.
Restrictions are placed upon the press in time of war. At that
time people’s liberties have to be restricted. Naturally freedom
of press is censored at that time. It is up to the free people that
they must see that when there is no war and peace comes, full
freedom is restored. Meanwhile it is good to consider what is
that freedom and to what extent it is really desirable. It is also
necessary to consider that freedom to tyrannies is not at all
good because uncontrolled freedom of one man or one gang
would impose his will on the world.
Freedom of press usually means freedom in a very technical
and restricted sense which may be described as freedom from
direction or censorship by the government. British press in
this sense is, under ordinary conditions singularly free. It is
free to attack the policy and political character of ministers
and interfere in the delicate machinery of foreign diplomacy. It
can conduct movement or campaign. cause the downfall of
constitution, to stir up (rouse) citizens of their dissatisfaction.
to expose scandals, to criticize the government servant and to
provide public grievances. As such press as a whole is
perfectly free in peace-loving Britain. The editorial policy of a
popular daily is controlled by two chief factors: (i) the interest
of the advertiser and (ii) the source of newspaper’s revenue.
The writer has admired British press.
The author illustrates with example which she has drawn
from personal experience through various ways by which both
fact and opinion can be distorted. These are (i) Sensatioal
Headlines. False Emphasis and suppression of context (ii)Garbling (giving a confused verson of something). (iii)Inaccurate reporting of Facts (iv) Plain Reversal of the facts
(v) Intentional inventions (vi)Deliberate and intentional
spreading of stories. These are six forms of misrepresentation.
To get misleading statements corrected, a heavy and
exhausted effort of correspondence against the falsehood may be collectively circulated.
Decent journalists do not like the present unfair state of
affairs. More responsible editors also like to fight against it.
Perhaps it is true that every nation gets the press it deserves.
(ii) The Earth
The story “The Earth” has been written by H.E. Bates.
This story is the life sketch of a farmer Johnson and his son,
Benjy. The author has beautifully presented the reality of what
happens in most of the families in present day life. It starts from the family consisting of Mr. Johnson, a farmer, his wife.and his only affectionate son Benjy, Benjy appears to be a simple minded person. The story very well depicts the laziness
of the parents. It also throws light on the growing selfishness
and cunningness of their suple-minded son, who finally drives
them away from their home Johnson is a farmer, who has no land of his own. He has obtained about four acre of plot on lease for cultivation helping
him in meeting family’s expenditure. Benjy is mentally
underdeveloped. His father goes to a doctor for consultation
who advises Johnson to get his son engaged in some business,
preferrably in poultry business. Accordingly, Benjy is engaged
in that business. The incorne out of the sell of hen’s egg is
deposited in the bank in Benjy’s name. When Benjy becomes
twenty one year old his father hands over the amount deposited
with the bank to Benjy. By the time Benjy’s pass-book showed
a balance of Rs two hundred thirty pound. Benjy purchases
some land of Mr. Witmore from that money and expands his
poultry business on the land purchased. He becomes a rich
man of his area within few years. He marres Florence, wacking
in his poultry farmo against his parent’s will. Then there comes
a change in his attitude towards his parents. At first he directs
his parents to shift to a smaller room of the house. After
sometime he stops jomt kitchen arrangement and leaves his
parents isolated. Afterwards finally he flatly directs his parents
to shaft from his house and to settle themselves somewhere
else. Not only this, he personally drives them away from their
home by his car.
Thus the story is a true description of wrong dealings
and behaviours of a son with his parents, that happens at
(iii) India Through a Traveller’s Eyes.
“India Through a Travellers Eyes” is a personal record
of Buck’s (writer) life. It is also an account of her ideas,
experience and feelings about India and its people.
Peari S. Buck explained in this extract (essay) chapter about
the Indian villages and people living there. Her family doctor
happened to be an Indian. She could know the detailed
information of Indian culture and its people, through the doctor
and his wife, when she was even a child. Her father and the
doctor had given the detailed description of lord Buddha and
Buddhism. She had come to know that Kashmir was invaded
by European barbarian invaders. She felt sorry to know it. She
appreciated the beauty of Kashmiri people. According to her, Indians are found in almost every part
of the world. It is due to their gentle nature that they adjust
themselves everywhere. She felt pleasure to know that the
first woman to be the president of General Assembly was an
Indian The exchange of Kerean prisoner of war was made
under the supervision of an Indian General The writer had visited ladia She said that she had come to
India ust to see the Taj Mahal, Fatehpur Sin or other historical
places. Although she visited all these places of historical
importance, but her mission was to see and listen to the young
intellccunts of Indian cities and the peasants in the villages
She iced the real indictment against British colonialism
in the villages of India She found thousands of young
intellectuals named in English schools were jobless in India. She remembered those days when she had studied deeply
the Indian way of ie while living among them. Indians had
great regards for great men and women Leadership in India
could only be continued by those whom the followers consider
to he good and honest the found deep devotion for Gandhijee among Indians. The author had personally
observed different aspects of Indian people and their culture
from very near. Indian people were religious minded. It had the
best and worst both aspects.
In her book, “Come My Beloved” she had three Christian
missionaries to prove it for all the people. She had a good idea
about Christian people. She explained that Christions say
whatever they believe and on the basis of their belief they
preach. She wondered as to why christian failed to change the
world inspite of his sacrifices and services to humanity. She
also narrated that not only Christians but the people of India
as a whole know, what is to be willing to pay the last full
measure of the cost of idealism. That is why Indian understand
what is in her book. Her book is not a puzzlement for them
because it is not difficult for them to understand.
(c) Officialy English has a status of assistant language,
but in fact it is the most important language of India. The reason
Indians give such importance of English is related to the fact that
India was a British colony. The British rulers began building their
universities in India from 1857. Thenonwards, English became
the first language in Indian education. Even today in India. English
rules its emphasis in schools and University levels.
The Indian novel in English is part of the Indian literature.
It reflects the social political and cultural ambience of the time.
The first Indian novel in English was “Raj Mohan’s wife” written
by Bankim Chandra in 1864. The three great novelists during
Indian movement for freadom under Mahatma Gandhi,
represented the three aspects of Indian life. Mulk Raj Anand
wrote social novels. His novel ‘Untouchable’ is an attempt to
abolish the evil of untouchability. “The Guide” of R. K. Narayan
and “The serpent and the rope” and ‘Kanthapura’ of Raja Rao
are immortal works. Some other prominent Indian English
novelists are-Nayan Tara Sahgal, Kamala Markandaya,
Khushwant Singh. K. S. Duggal, Manohar Malagonkar,
Chamanwahab, Amita Desai, Amita Ghosh, and Vikram seth
and many other Indian English novelist.
English is an International language not because it is read
and spoken by the largest number of people but also because
it is read and spoken by the largest number of countries. Almost
all the former colonies of Britain have English as an important
language. India being a colony of British empire has English as
an important language.
(d) (a)-(iii); (b)-(v); (c)-(iv); (d)-(i); (e)-(ii).(e) (i) You will make the child weep. (ii) Ganga is a holy
river. (iii) I am going to market. (iv) When will you return home?
(v)He will go to Delhi today. (vi) He has been ill for three days.
(vii) Patna is the capital of Bihar. (viii) Do not sit here.
(f) (a)-(v). (b)-(i), (c)-(iii), (d)-(ii), (e)-(iv)
7. (i) Floods are the most common of all natural disasters.
(ii) Scientists as best can do is to recognize the potential
for flooding in certain conditions.
(iii) The consequence or result of flood is widespread
damage and even a number of deaths.
(iv) (a) Condition – My economic condition is not good.
(b) Disaster – An event that causes a lot of harm of
damage is called as disaster.
OR, Title: Forgiving is Human
Man being a mixture of good evil commits
mistakes, even torture and kill others. But by forgiving
man’s mistakes we can rise to godlines.