1. Write an essay in about 150-200 words on any one of the
(a) Value of Newspapers
(b) Science in the service of man
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(d) If I were a Millionaire
(e) Work is Workship
Ans. (a) Value of newspapers
Information received form different quarters is, fact, treated as news. A newspaper is, thus, paper which contains the most important of such news and carries them to the poeple in general. it may be called a summary of the important cu rrent events. The newspaper is very important in the life of a civilized nation. It is the medium through which public opinion is
expressed. It circulates news and views in which different
classes of people are interested. Thus, the teachers, doctors,
Jawyers, traders, sportsmen, even the children find in it some
items of information that interest them.
The newspaper is a powerful means for propagating
political views and moulding the opinions of the people towards
certain ends. In fact, great change in the administration of a
country may be made through the agency of newspapers. It
also makes people conscious of their rights and duties and
teach them how to protect their rights. Probably the greatest
value of newspapers is that they develop and spread knowledge.
Through the newspaper we come to know about the views of
great thinkers and social refomers.
(b) Science. in the service of man
We are living in an age of science. Miracles of science
have changed our lives. The best of the comforts and luxuries
that we have today are the contributions of science.. Science
has made our life easy and comfortable. It has reduced the
time. space and distance.
The inventions of science have revolutionized the world
of transport. The distance is meaningless today. We have
aeroplanes, cars, bullet trains, ships, etc. Within a short time
we can cover a very long distance. The world has turned smaller
due to these fast means of transport. Man has succeeded in
landing on the moon. The means of transport have enabled us
to explore the possibility of life on other planet. Space travel is
a reality today.
Science has helped us to conquer many deadly diseases.
Diseases like tuberculosis and cancer are no longer considered
dangerous and incurable. Operations are performed in a painless
way. The discovery of X-ray has helped in diagnosis of a disease
and in locating an injury or fracture. Electric shocks are a great
boon to surgery. In addition, new ultra scanning and plastic.
surgery are the wonder of science in the field of medicine.
But every silver cloud has a dark lining. Science is both.
constructive and destructive. It has given nuclear bomb.
hydrogen bomb, fighter plane, sophisticated assault guns,
pistols and rifles. Laser bombs, missiles and rockets can cause
destruction and damage at a distant place.
Thus, science has created as well as annihilated. It is an
instrument which needs to be used with rationality. It is a
blessing so long as it is used with care and caution. It depends on us how we use it.
Patriotism is the feeling of love and respect for one’s
country. Patriots are known to love their country unconditionally
and are proud of it. Every country in the world has its set of
patriorts-people who ae ready to do anything for their country.
Howerver, the spirit of patriotism seems to be fading these
days owing to the growing competition in every field as well as
the changing lifestyle of people.
In the past, particularly during the British reign, many
people came forward to instil the feeling of patriotism among
their fellow countrymen. Patriots held meetings, gave lectures
and used various other means to inspire the people around
them. In the same way, a feeling of patriotism must be instilled
in the young generation today too. This must be done when
they ae still young. School and colleges must take initiatve to
instil children with a feeling of love and repect for their country.
Many institutions host functions and organize events on 15th
August and 26th January. Patriotic songs are sung and a feeling
of patriotism seems to engulf the entire nation around that
time. But is this real patriotism? No! Such an atmosphere must
be created in general and not just around these special dates. It
is then that such a feeling will be instilled in the heart of every
A nation where the youth loves the country and is driven
towards improving its condition socially and economically
would certainly gorw better.
A true patriot is the one who works hard for the betterment
of his country. He contributes his bit towards improving the
condition of his country in whatever way he can. A true patriot
does not only work towards building his nation but also inspires
those around him to do so.
(d) If I were a Millionaire
If wishhes were horses, even beggars would ride. But
sometimes dream come true. I am poor in life and my wishes are
hopelessly samll. I live in a state of uncertainty and I never
know whether I shall be able to afford my next meal.
But there is no check on one’s fancy. Fancy is my luxury. I
wish I wre a millionaire!
As a poor man, I have often experienced that Rich men are
generally selfish to the extent of being cruel. Their outlook on
life is not human but materialistic. They forget that to be rich is
not to be in human. When I am rich, I shall not forget god and god’s men.
A wealthy man can do much good to this world. Wealth
often spoils man. Money along with comforts and care brings
evil also. Rich men are generally victims to one evil or the other.
I have natural dislike for the base and the disreputable. I was
born human and shall live a pious and noble life. This duty o
penly man owns to god. I shall fulfill this duty. I shall set a
noble example before others and shall be a brilliant light for misguided millionaires.
I would very much wish to encourage social service in the
country. I shall make a trust which will look after the welfare of
orphans. It is a pity that in our country wealthy persons do not
possess charitable qualites. I shall lead a noble life an cut down
my own expenses so that I may help others to live better.
I am a noble-hearted and simple person. That is what I could
remain even if become a millionaire
(e) Work is Workship
Work is what we make it to be. We all have similar work to
do. Yet it is the attitued with which one works that makes the
difference to it. If one works with initation and anger it shows
in the work. Even if the work is completed, there would neither
have been joy during te process of working nor would there be
beauty to the work accomplished
We have work to do as a student. We need to study. We have to go to school. There are assignments and projects to
do. We also participate in various curricular and extra-curricular
activities during an academic session at school. All this
constitutes our work. If we do it grudgingly. we cannot enjoy
the education process. If there is joy in what we have do, it
becomes easier to accomplish. Learning then is fun, not a bore
or trouble at all.
When we engage in worship we have the sentiment of
respect, love, sincerity, -simplicity and truth. There is also a
sense of devotion, dedication and excellence in worship. If we
could bring these values and such a sentiment to the work that
we do, we would convert work to worship.
2. Explain any one of the following.
(a) In no part of the world and under no civillization, have all men attained perfection.
Ans. A man is hot necessarily happy because he is rich or
unhappy because he is poor? The rich are often seen to be
unhappy the poor to be happy.
This extract is taken from ‘Indian Civilization And Culture’
is written by M.K. Gandhi.
According to Gandhi, the key to real happiness lies in
satisfaction. If we indulge in our passions, our desire gradually
increases and even if fulfilled, there is a new craving which
does not allows us to be happy and content. The rich people
having luxuries desire for yet more comforts and often poor
people not taking interest in luxuries and comforts and often
poor people not taking interest in luxuries and comfort bridles his passions and thus keeps himself content, satisfied and happy. So, the key real happiness lies in restriction of desires of our giddy mind and usage of hand and feet. Gandhi defines happiness as largely mental condition. Hapiness is a stressless, joyful condition of mind.
(b) And as we walk, we make the pledge that we always march ahead. Ans. The past is not dead and static.
Dr. Zakir Hussain says that past is not dead and static, it is not worthless because it is alive, it is dynamic and energetic and it is involved in determining the quality of our present and the prospects of coming future. He says that we cant neglect the past because it is thing which lets us know the attribute of our present, it decides outlook of our future. So, although past is gone, it does keep the strength of deciding thing of present and future.
(c) And suddenly the land was for sale: their land, earth, which was all they had.
Ans. The life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination.
This line has been taken from ‘I have a Dream’. Written by Martin Luther King Jr. Hear the author says that it has the clear meaning that the life of Negro is still like that of a disabled person because if is captivated with the handcuffs of seperation (on basis of race) and the fetters of discrimination. The Negroes are thought to be inferior to the whites and so are not given the proper rights of a citizen but are tormented every where. In such circumstances Negroes are like a disabled person who can’t do anything on and for its own. They are racially discriminated everywhere and are still fettered. They are tribulated, tortured and tormented. They are not given the right to vote, they are not allowed to go to public palces and are cut off from the society as if they are not humans. This in human act done with them has crippled their life.
(d) Mother was waiting on the doorstep, her face wreathed in smiles.
Ans. “This tie-and-collar business is no good these days”. This line has been taken from the stroy A Pinch of Snuff written by Manohar Malgoankar. By the given statement Nanukaka menat that till then tie
and-collar has become a very common dress and if we had to
impress somebody, we should leave this tie-and-collar and
instead wear traditional clothes.
3. Explain any one of the following:
(a) Nurses to the grave are gone,
And the prams go rolling on.
Ans. These lines have been taken from the poem “Now the Leaves are Falling Fast’. Written by W. H. Auden.
These lines dewlls upon the season that when this season come the leaves start to falling fast. It is also meant by a person who slowly goes to its death and at last in a grave like a tree every humen life has to destroy. There is no one who can alive Every one is mortal.
(b) I think she was the most beautiful lady. That ever was in the West Country.
Ans. These lines have been composed by Walter de lamare. Here Poet says that it is dome of a dead body, where a death body keep. He wants to tell about a beautiful lady which in the Epitaph. She was the most beautiful lady that ever was in the best country but when she was dead her beauty vanishes beauty passes. Because when a body dead everything is cleared about herself.
(c) I think it did not hit him.
But suddenly that part of him that was
Convulsed in undignified haste.
Writhed like lightening, and was gone.
Ans. These stanza has been taken from the poem “Sanke” is composed by the poet David Herbert Lawrence. When the speaker saw that snkae drinking water at the trough, firsly he
doesn’t want to hit it but later when he feel that if he doesn’t hit,
it will bite to him. For this thing he wanted to kill it. That’s why
he hit it, which was against the sensibility of the speaker.
(d) However, rare-rare it be; and
When I crumble, who will remeber
This lady of the west country?
Ans. These lines have been composed by Walter de lamare.
When a body dead everything is cleared about herself. The
poet loved her so much that when she was dead he was weeping
biterly. When the poet listend about her beloved he crumbled
will remember. He used to sit her epitaph where she laid down
in her bed. So the poet wants to say that if a person loved
someone so much never leave alone. Because he is just facing
4. Write a letter to your younger sister/brother, encouring
her/him to take part in games and sports.
Ans. Dear Hitesh
I hope that you are doing well in your studies. There is no
doubt that studies are the most important part of a student’s
I have come to know that you do not play games. This is
not good for a student. Health is wealth. Without good health
you cannot think of higher studies.
Games are a necessary part of education. They make us
healthy and strong. I therefore advise you to take parti in games and sports.
Write an application to the Principal of your School/ College to issue you the School/College leaving certificate.
S.D.+2 High School,
Subject: Request for School Leave Certificate
Respectfully, I beg to submit that my father has been
transferred to Narnaul. He is to join there next week. We are
shifting there on Monday, the 16th instant. I, therefore, request
you to issue my School-Leaving Certificate.
I have returned all the library books and paid all the dues.
5. Answer in about 40-50 words, any five of the following:-
(a) How did Nanukaka impress Sohanlal Ratiram?
(b) Why did Zakir Hussain pledge himself to ?
(c) Why does Lomov think that his is a critical age?
(d) Why did the speaker like the snake?
(e) Why is Macavity termed a ‘criminal”?
(f) In what series does the Sun conspire with autumn?
(g) Why are the Indians quick learners of English?
(h) What is meant by the Great Vowel Shift?
(i) What does the poet observe in summer in ‘Song of Myself’?
(j) How did language play a role in human development?
Ans. (a) Nanukaka started describing about his VIP status in a very loud voice so that Sohanlal could hear. He firstly talked about hear. He firstly talked about foreign tours and his contacts with politicians and ministers. Then he come to talk shout Hazrat Barkat Ali, the ambassador in such a tone as if they were best friends and this impresses Shoanlal the most.
(b) Dr. Zakir Hussain pledges himself to service of absolute timeless, values which have been realised. He pledge himself to the loyalty of our past culture, to the service of totality of country’s culture, to work fir its strength and progress and welfare fo its people.
(c) I have to start leading a steady and regular life. I love got a heart condition, with palpitations all time.
(d) The speaker liked the snake because it looks so innocent. It didn’t show anytype of harm to a man. It just came there to drink water.
(e) Macavity is termed as a criminal because he can defey
the law of the master.
(f) The sun conspires with the autumn so slightly and as a friend. It’s ray makes the fruit fleshy and fat and also tasty.
(g) English is a globel language. So Indians are quick lerners of English for their bright future.
(h) The Great Vowel Shift was a series of changes in the pronunciation of the English language that took place primarily between 1350 and te 1600s and 1700s, beginning in southern
England and today having influenced effectively all dialectts
of English. Through this vowel shift, all Middle English long
vowels changed their pronunciation. Some consonant sounds
changed as well. particulary those that became silent; the term
Great Vowel Shift is sometimes used to include these consonant
changes. English spelling was first becoming standardized in the 15th and 16the centuries and the Great Vowel Shift is responsible for the fact that English spellings now often considerably deviate in their representation of English pronunciations. (3) The Great Vowel Shift was first studied by Otto Jespersn (1860
1943), a Danish linguist and Anglicist, who coined the term
(i) He observes a spear in summer..
(J) Yes, language played a role in human development. At what stage language began is not known, but we may be pretty certain that it began very gradually. Without it would have been very difficult to hands on from generation to generation the inventions and discoveries that were gradually made.
6. Answer any three in about 100-120 words:
(a) Write the summary of any one of the following poems:
(i) The soldier,
(iii) My Grand Mother’s House
(i) The soldier,
“The soldier” is composed by the poet Rupert Booke who was the handsomest young man in England. The poet is saying that when he should die only think that there should be a corner of a field on the earth is hidden from dust. When the war started the dust starts to hid everything and was washed away by the rivers. When was started he wanted a flower which gave love without knowing the definite way where is to go. He always contact with English air of England. He was walking thinking about quarrel war. He thought himself that nor a evil word came in his mind. A small vibration touched his mind as it lasting for ever. He wanted a peaceful country, it’s his dream and
always see this type of sight that there are no wars between
two countries. Everyone live a peaceful life. It seemed like a
heaven in England to think over it.
The poem ‘Fire Hymn’ is highly composed by the poet
Keki N. Daruwalla who is the reapient of Sahitya Akademi. His
poetry in his own wards. In this poetry he tells is about a ghat
which was burning. The ghat was totally burnt but to some
extant it was half. Red, light showed their way. The sky seemed
like a red ball. The sky is full of smoke which come out from the
fire. Many animals were killed and some of then are half cooked.
The somke swallour everything and at last leaves ah, which
was grey colour, The poet says that he will never forget this
fire, today after twenty five years when he was born. He say in
a praise song that he stand forgiven. He swore that time to
save it from the sin of forgiving. He did the things, I mean did
mistake, so he was saying to forgive. The poet also show his
half burnt fingers.
This was the fire which destroy everything.
(iii) My Grand Mother’s House
The poet of the poem “My Grandmother’s House” is a
wonderful creation by “Kamala Das” has written about her
grandmother’s house. She also used to live with her
grandmother’s in that house. When she was young the house
when she was so beautiful where she and her grandmother
live a very happy life….
Everything is round that house is good. But when her
grandmother died and the speaker lived in other places, the
house became so bad condition. Everywhere round that house
became pitable. Bushes grew around if when the speaker went
there to see the house. When she reached there she recieved
earlier love. She saw her house damage. A strong feeling caught
her mind. Everything was changed when she was there but still
she was proudly because she reached there and recived loved
which she begged at stranger’s door.
In this poem. Kamala Das, the speaker told ther
bioautography that how she lived when she was too young.
(b) Write the summary of any one:
(i) How Free is the Press
(ii) The Earth
(iii) Indian Through At raveller’s Eye
(i) How Free is the Press
That without a free press there can be no free people is
things that al free people take for granted, we need not discuss
it. Nor will we at this moment discuss the restrictions placed
upon the press in time of war. At such Times all liberties have to
be restricted, free people must see to it that when peace comes
full freedom is restored in the meantime, it may Be wholesome
to consider what that freedom is, and how far it is truly destraple.
It may trun out to be no freedom at all, or even a more freedom
to tyrannies, for tyramnny is fact, the uncontrolled freedom of
one man, or one gang, to impose its will on the world. When we
speak of the freedom of the preass, we useally mens freedom in
a very techincal and restricted sense-namely, Freedom from
direction or cencership by the government. In this respect, the
British press is under ordinary conditions. Singulary free. It can
attack the policy and political charactor of minister interfere in
the delicate machinery of foreign deplomacy.conduct
campaigns to subject the constitution incite citizens to
discontent and rebellion, expose scadals and foment grievance,
and generally harry and behabour the servants of the state. With alomost perfect liberty on occasion, it can become a weapon to coerce the government to conform to what it asserts to be the will of the people. So far, this is all to the good. Occasionally, this freedom may. Produce disastrous heistions and inconsistenceies in
public policy, or tend to hemper the suift execution of emergency
measures, but generally speaking it works to secure and sustain
that central doctive of Democracy as we understand it-that
the state is not the master but the servant of the people.
The press as a whole, and in teachnical and restrict sense,
is thus pretty free in a peaceful Britain. There is no shade of
political opinnion that does not some how contrive to express
itself. But if we go on to imagine that any particular organ of the
press enjoys the larger liberty of being a forum of public opinic
opinion, we are gravely mistaken. Every Newspaper is shacked
to its own set of overloads and in its turn, like the ummerciful
sarvant, exercise a power ful bondage upon its readers and one
the public generally inded we may say that the heaviest
restriction upon the freedom of public opinion is not the official.
censorship of the press but the unffcial cenforship by a press
which exists not so much to express opinion as to manufacture it.
(ii) The Earth
All that Johnson had was the earth very often it seemed
as if it were all they had ever had.”
It was true that they also had possessions-a plough. a.
two-wheeled cart, tools, a bony brown mare which slowly
dragged the plough and the cart about their rough four-acre.
plot-but without the earth these things were useless. It was
ture that they also had a son.
It was more than thirty years since the Johansons, realising
that he was not quite like others, had taken Benjy to doctor.
This doctor had persuaded them that he needed interests that
would stregthen his mind. It would be good if they gave him
something to do, some occupation, which would help his
development. It would help a great deal if they gave him a
special interest to feed him sense of responsibility, you are
people on the land, the doctor said, let him keep hous. *
So for many year’s Benjy had kept hens, and what the earth
was to him mother and father the hens were to Benjy they were
almost all he had. When he came from school, cut off by his
simplicity form other children, Benjy went straight home to his
hens, which He kept in a wire coop that his father had made at
the back of the house. At first he kept Ten or a dozen hens, all
colours and breeds, brown and specked and black and white,
and the coop was small. He fed the hens simply, on scraps from
the table, seeded cabbages strung from the write, a little maize,
and on corn-ears which be gleand in the late summer from his
father a ocre of stuble. It is possible that a hen, being a simple
creature thrives best on simple treatment. Benjy understood.
the First as last thi ng about a hen. That it exists for nor had it
become highly complicated and commercialilized. Eggs were
cheap, hens mysteriously pecked Nourishment off the bore
earth. They sat in a home-made Nesting-box, on straw, and
Laid the eggs expected of them.
(iii) Indian Through A traveller’s Eye
India had always been part of the background of my life.
but I had never seen it whole and for myself until new. Yet the
stories that our Indian family doctor and his wife told me when
I was child had woven themselves into my growing dreams,
and I had long read everything that I could find about that
country-from my father I had learned of it through Budhhisam and the life history of the Lord Buddha, What did I go to India to see? Not the Taj Mahal, although I did see it and by moonlight, not Fatehpur Sikri, although I did see it, and not the glories of emprie in New Delhi, although I did see them. I want to India to see and listen to two groups of people, the young intellectuals in the cities and the peasants in the villages. These I met in little rooms in the city, in littile houses in the villages, and I heard their plans for freedom. Already the interllectuals believed that another world war was inevitable. They had been bitterly disappointed after the first world war by what they felt were the broken promises of England. The English, they declared, had no real purpose to restore India to the people. I could believe it fresh as I was from China. Where the period of people’s Tutelage seemed endless and self government further off every year. ‘When you are ready for i ndependece, conquerors have always said to their subjects, etcetera ! But who is to decide when that moment comes and how can people learn to govern themselves except by doing it? So the intellectuals in india were Restless and embittered, and I sat though-hours watching their plashing dark eyes and.
(c) Write a note on American English. Ans. English is the most widely spoken language in the
United States and is the common language used by the federal government, to the extent that all laws and compulsory education are practiced in English. Although not an officially established language of the whole country, English is considered the de facto language and is given official status by 32 of the 50 state governments. As an example, while both spanish and English have equivalent status in the local courts of Puerto Rico, under federal law, English is the official language for any matters being referred to the United States district court for the territory
The use of English in the United States is a result of English and British colonization of the Americas. The first wave of English-speaking settlers arrived in North America during the 17the century, followed by further migrations in the 18th and 19the centuries. Since then, American English has developed into new dialects, in some cases under the influence of West African and native American languages. German, Dutch, Irish, Spanish, and other languages of successive waves of immigrants to the United States.
(d) Write a note on the dialects of Middle English.
Ans. The dialectal position of Middle English is basically a continuation of that of Old English. The most important extralinguistic fact for the development of the Middle English dialects is that the capital of the country was moved from Winchester (in the Old English period) to London by William the Conqueror in his attempt to diminish the political influence of the native English.
NORTHERN This dialect is the continuation of the Northumbrian variant of Old English. Note that by Middle English ti mes English had spread to (Lowland) Scotland and indeed led to a certain literary tradition developing there at the end of the Middle English period which has been continued up to the present time (with certain breaks, admittedly).
Characteristice. Velar stops are retained (i.e, not palatalised) as can be seen in word pairs like rigg/ridge; kirk/church.
KENTISH This is the most direct continuation of an Old English dialect and has more or less the same geographical distribution.
Characteristics. The two most notable features of Kentish are (1) (the existence of/e/ for Middle English /i/and (2) socalled “initial softening” which caused fricatives in word-initial position to be pronounced voiced as in vat, vane and vixen (female fox),
SOUTHERN West Saxon is the forerunner of this dialect of Middle English. Note that the area covered in the Middle English period is greater than in the Old English period as inroads were made inte Celtic-speaking Cornwall. This area becomes linguistically uninteresting in the Middle English period. It shares some features of both Kentish and West Midland dialects.
WEST MIDLAND This is the most conservative of the dialect areas in the Middle English period and is fairly well documented in literary works. It is the western half of the Old English dialect area Mercia.
EAST MIDLAND This is the dialect out of which the later standard developed. To be precise the standard arose out of the London dialect of the late Middle English period. Note that the London dialect naturally developed into what is called Cockney today while the standard became less and less characteristic of a certain area and finally (after the 19th century) became the sociolect which is termed Received Pronunciation. Characteristics. In general those of the late embryonic
Middle English standard.
(e) Write a note on the Future of English
Ans. Many people think that the teaching of English is playing havoc with our native regional languages. Even the protagonists of Hindi, our national language, are deadly opposed to it.
They think that English is a foreign language and an average Indian can neither understand it. nor express himself in it. Moreover much energy of a child is bei ng wasted in the learning of English. So English should altogether be abolished from this land.
Quite opposed to this camp are the phil-Anglians. They believe that English has been in use in India for the last about two centuries. As such. English is no longer a foreign language. Innumerbable words of English are being used in our language of daily use. Particularly in the South, the people perfer English to Hindi.
No doubt. English is a international language. Most of the research work in sci-ence and technology in the world is being done through the medium of English Eng-lish is the window for westen knowledge to India. A very poor country as India is. it is very difficult to translate all the latest knowledge into national and regional languages, Even if an effort is made in this respect, till the knowledge concerned is translated, the theroy has since changed meanwhile. That is why even countries like China and japan have started giving more. attention to the study of English to get the latest knowledge.
It is also argued that our freedom fighters like M.K. Gandhi. JPL. Nehru, Cochlea ete, were grealty influenced by western political thought on freedom through a study of Englishs philosophers, thinkers ans poets. English is said to be a great link between different Indian languages and a strong bond for national integration.
(F) Match the poets is list A with their works in List B
(a) Ruper Brooke
(b) Walt whitman
(c) W. H. Auden
(d) kamala Das
(e) John Donne
(i) My Grand Mother’s House
(ii) Now the Leaves are Falling Fast
(iii) Sweetest Love I Do Not Goe
(iv) The Soldier
(v) The Soldier
Ans. List A
(a) Rupert Brooke (v) The Soldier
(b) Walt whitman. (iv) Song of Myself
(c) W. H. Auden. (ii) Now the Leaves are falling Fast
(d) Kamla Das. (i) My Grand Mother’s House
(e) John Donne. (iii) Sweetest Love I Do Not Goe
(G) Translate any five of the following sentences in English
(i) क्या तुम उसे पहचानते हो?
(ii) ये बच्चे रोज शतरंज खेलते हैं।
(iii) सुबह से बारिश हो रही है।
(iv) क्या तुम मुझसे नाराज हो?
(v) यह उसकी कमीज है
(vi) हमारी कक्षा में पचास लड़के हैं।
(vii) मैं फैसला कर चुका हूँ।
(viii) उसने मुझे पैसे देने से इन्कार कर दिया।
Ans. (i) Do you know him?
(ii) These children play chess
(iii) It is rainy since morning.
(iv) Are you angry with me?
(v) This shirt belongs to him.
(vi) There are fifty student in our
(vii) I have decided.
(viii) He refuse to give me money.
7. Answer either of following:
Read the passage and answer the questions that follow :
Native American Indian groups in North American lived in
different cultural regions, each of which developed its own
customs and traditions. A custom is the specific way in which
a group of people do something. This can include how foods
are prepared, what clothing is worm, the kinds of celebrations
and much more. The set customs developed and shared by a
culture over time is a traditions.
(i) What is a tradition ?
(ii) What is a custom?
(iii) How did the Native American Indian groups live in North American.
(iv) Make sentences with-Develop. Tradition.
Ans. (i) The set of customs developed and shared by
culture over time is a tradition.
(ii) A custom is the specific way in which a group of people do something.
(iii) Native American Indian groups in North American lived
in different cultural regions and each of developed its own custom and tradition.
(iv) Develop He has developed a good skill.
Tradition-Indian tradition is different from western tradition.
Write a precis of the following passage and give a suitable title;
Education ought to teach us how to be love always and what to be in love with. The great things of history have been done by the great lovers, saints, men of science and artist, and
the problem of civilization is to give every man a chance of
being a saint, a man of science or an artist. But this problem
cannot be solved unless men desire to be saints, men of science
and artist. And if they are to desire that continuously, they must be taught what it means to be these things.
Ans. Title– Love.
Education must teach us main objects to love. The great
loves, scaints, men of science and artist is to give every one a
chance of being saint. a man of science or an artist and must taught it.